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    Countering Stamp Offences in Nepal's Penal Code



    Countering Stamp Offences in Nepal's Penal Code

    Countering Stamp Offences in Nepal's Penal Code
    Countering Stamp Offences in Nepal's Penal Code


    In Nepal, the sanctity of official documents and transactions is paramount. The National Penal (Code) Act, 2017, plays a crucial role in safeguarding this integrity by dedicating a specific chapter to address offences related to stamps. This chapter, titled "Offences Relating to Stamps" (Sections 267 to 272), outlines various legal regulations surrounding counterfeit stamps and other stamp-related misconduct. Understanding these provisions is essential to avoid any unintentional legal repercussions.

    Understanding Stamps and Counterfeiting:

    The Penal Code defines "stamps" as both postal and revenue stamps used for official purposes. Counterfeiting refers to the creation of unauthorized imitations of these stamps, designed to deceive and be used as genuine. This includes not only physical forgery but also digital reproductions intended for fraudulent use.

    Key Offences and Penalties

    The chapter outlines several specific offenses related to stamps, each with its corresponding penalties:

    • Prohibition of Counterfeiting Stamps (Section 267): This section strictly prohibits any act associated with counterfeiting stamps. This includes creation, attempted creation, purchase, sale, exchange, import, export, or possession of counterfeit stamps with the intention of using them as real. The penalty for violating Section 267 is imprisonment for up to five years and a fine not exceeding fifty thousand rupees.
    • Prohibition of Re-Using Stamps (Section 269): Reusing stamps that have already served their purpose is illegal under this section. This includes using a previously used stamp as genuine or attempting to do so. Additionally, erasing, removing, or tampering with any mark or seal on a stamp to facilitate reuse is also prohibited. Offenders violating Section 269 face imprisonment for up to one year, a fine not exceeding ten thousand rupees or both.
    • Prohibition of Removing Stamps from Public Documents (Section 270): This section safeguards the integrity of official documents by prohibiting the removal or attempted removal of a stamp affixed to a public document. A violation of this section can result in imprisonment for up to six months, a fine not exceeding five thousand rupees, or both.

    Additional Considerations:

    • Forfeiture of Materials (Section 271): Section 271 empowers authorities to seize and confiscate any stamps, tools, instruments, or other materials used in committing the offenses outlined in this chapter. This serves as a deterrent and aids in dismantling operations involved in producing or utilizing counterfeit stamps.
    • Statute of Limitation (Section 272): This section establishes a time limit for filing complaints related to offences covered under this chapter. Authorities can only consider complaints lodged within one year from the date the offence is discovered.

    Importance of Stamp Security

    The stringent regulations outlined in the Penal Code underscore the importance of maintaining the security and authenticity of stamps. Their validity guarantees the legitimacy of official documents and transactions within Nepal's legal and financial systems. Combating counterfeiting and other stamp-related offenses protects citizens and institutions from financial losses and fraudulent activities.

    Technological Advancements and Counterfeiting Concerns

    While the focus of the Penal Code primarily addresses physical counterfeiting, the rise of digital technology necessitates vigilance against digital forgeries. Government agencies and relevant authorities must stay abreast of evolving trends in stamp counterfeiting and implement measures to detect and prevent digital imitations.


    Nepal's Penal Code takes a multi-pronged approach to prevent and penalize counterfeiting and other offenses related to stamps. By imposing strict penalties and outlining clear regulations, the legal framework bolsters the credibility of official documents and transactions within the country. Understanding these regulations not only protects citizens from legal repercussions but reinforces the importance of upholding the integrity of stamps and the documents they validate.


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